Spherical Electromagnetic Quantum - 03/09/97
Vanguard Note... At the 1990 Borderland Conference in Santa Barbara, California I had the pleasure of meeting and talking in depth with Mr. Larry Spring and his charming wife, Lois. He has a fascinating theory regarding an entirely new concept of the geometry of electromagnetic waves and how they propagate and are modified by various types of receivers or reflectors. We wish to thank Tom Brown and Borderland for bringing the work of Larry to the attention of the public. We are installing this small treatise on the KeelyNet BBS and plan to distribute it around the various Nets to allow a wider audience for this work. This spherical theory adds to work already done by Keely on the fact that oscillation occurs across the diameter of a structure. Larry Spring, in 1985, using TV waves 150,000 to 9,600,000 times the size of light waves, was able to determine the spherical shape, size, alternating polarity magnetic structure, and bounce characteristics of the electromagnetic wave. You may contact Larry at 225 Redwood Avenue, Fort Bragg, CA 95437 or call him at Home 707 964-2116, Office 707 964-4700.
Quantum : The smallest amount of radiant energy capable of existing independently. This amount of energy is regarded as a unit. (as defined in the Thorndike-Barnhart dictionary) The electromagnetic wave front must be composed of individual units, as these units can bounce independently to the feed horn of a satellite dish or scatter independently from a surface rough in relation to the size of the quanta. I, Larry Spring, in 1985 succeeded in determining, and setting down in writing the shape, size, magnetic structure, alternating polarity, bounce characteristics and compressibility of the quantum of energy which was believed to exist by many electromagnetic energy physicists from Isaac Newton's time up to the present. My observation of results from experimentation tend to favor the quantum theory over the wave theory, and accomplish alternating current in a conductor at a distance, based on transmission of alternating polarity magnetic fields traveling through space, with the same magnetic structure and polarity as would be found around a resonant conductor carrying a rapidly alternating electrical current as determined by Hans Christian Oersted and expressed by his right hand rule. All alternating electrical current from 1 cycle per second to the gamma ray frequency and beyond radiate varying amounts of electromagnetic energy, but from a practical point of view I have to stay within the limits of my testing equipment which goes from make and break vibrators through 60 cycle power line leakage, AM radio, VHF television, FM radio, UHF television, C band satellite television, red laser light, white visible light and x-ray pictures. They all appear to be the same form of energy although they vary considerably in their abilities due to their enormous size range from infinitely large to infinitesimally small. We have a great deal of knowledge assembled in the past by Isaac Newton, Max Planck, Hans Christian Oersted, Albert Einstein, Andre' M. Ampere and Michael Faraday, to name a few. We know as scientific fact a great number of interrelated actions and reactions of radiated energy upon which to build our modern electronic world. The facts I verified by experimentation and used in order to arrive at my conclusions were as follows: Electromagnetic energy travels at approximately 186,000 miles per second through a vacuum and almost as fast through air. It travels slower through a denser medium like glass, water, plastic or oil. The speed I determined by measuring one wavelength which I multiplied by the frequency. An electric current driven by electron movement travels along a conductor at approximately 186,000 miles per second and slower when it is impeded by insulation, etc. This speed I also measured. Hans Christian Oersted discovered that electron flow creates a magnetic field around a conductor. The magnetic lines of force are at 90 degrees to the conductor and 90 degrees to the electrical current direction of travel along the conductor. This I tested with a simple compass needle. A reversed current will create a magnetic field around the conductor in an opposite direction. A conductor passed rapidly through the magnetic field of a permanent magnet, in a position to cut the magnetic lines of force will have an electric current driven in it moving in one direction. When passed rapidly in the opposite direction an electrical current will flow along the conductor in the opposite direction. Examples of this are the electric motor and electric generator. It makes no difference whether the conducting rod is moving or the magnetic field is moving. The conductor could be standing still and the magnetic field traveling at 186,000 miles per second as is the case with a receiving TV antenna. Its the relative speed of the magnetic field and the conductor that produces the electrical current. A conductor lying in a position that does not cut the magnetic lines of force receives no electron movement or electric current driven in and or around it. Tests show that magnetic energy does not induce current in a conductor pointed directly at the transmitter or a conductor that is vertical to a totally horizontal transmission. This I have tested many times using a dipole antenna and a field strength meter. It is used to separate vertical and horizontal polarity of the C band satellite signal by rotating a probe antenna horizontally or vertically in the feed horn of a satellite parabolic dish receiving antenna. Based on the foregoing it is obvious that alternating polarity magnetic fields, broadcast from a conductor carrying an alternating electrical current, and traveling at 186,000 miles per second, are capable of driving a similar alternating electrical current in a conductor at a distance, providing the conductor is in a position to cut the magnetic lines of force. The best position would be in the same plane and parallel to the transmitting conductor. It is unnecessary for the traveling magnetic field to contain an electrical component. A speeding magnetic field drives electrons in a conductor at 90 degrees to its direction of travel and 90 degrees to its magnetic lines of force. Summary of the foregoing describes a simple magnetic quantum traveling through space with every second quantum being in opposite polarity. The non-traveling form is described in Oersted's right hand rule which can be readily demonstrated by a battery, a compass and a piece of copper wire. So much for the magnetic structure. I may be one of the first to recognize Oersted's magnetic field traveling through space and putting it into print. The shape of all quanta must be the same as they all act similarly. Only the size and density of magnetic lines of force are different. The best observation of its shape is the way it bounces. Being of equal dimensions in all directions it is capable of bouncing from all quadrants of a parabolic satellite receiving dish regardless of polarity. This I tested by screening off sections of the dish to see if all polarities bounce equally, and they do. It has all the bounce characteristics of a weightless elastic ball.
Vanguard Note... At the Borderland Conference, Larry demonstrated this theory by using a parabolic dish lying face up on a table, suspended at the focal point of the dish was a ping pong ball. When Larry dropped other ping pong balls from any angle, THEY ALWAYS STRUCK THE BALL AT THE FOCAL POINT. If the incoming energy had been lines of force or undulating waves, they would have all had different angles of deflection and missed the focal point, I was quite impressed...
If it is quantum (a quantity) shaped like a ball, it must have a three dimensional size. This can be readily determined by running the energy through a chicken wire grid like screening gravel. Wire openings just larger than 1/2 wavelength will pass most all the signal without loss. Wire openings 1/4 wavelength will pass approximately 1/2 of the signal. 1/8 wavelength will pass approximately 1/4 of the signal. A solid metal sheet reflects it all, except for the tiniest spheres which find the texture of solid metal is really like a screen. The size is directly related to the 1/2 wavelength and ties in correctly with 1/2 wavelength diameter traveling magnetic spheres of alternating polarity following each other through air and space. Most of the energy that does pass through the wire mesh is reflected back as determined by constructive and destructive interference with a test dipole antenna in front of the screen, and a field strength meter. The vertical magnetic lines of force around a horizontally polarized transmission can be readily shown by passing the spherical magnetic quantum through a grill of vertical wires. Close spacing of the wires makes little difference and very little if any loss of signal, as the vertical wires do not cut the vertical lines of force around the horizontally polarized sphere of magnetic energy. The grill can be placed any distance in front of the receiving antenna which indicates that normally the lines of force remain vertical from transmission to reception. If the vertical grill of wires is rotated 90 degrees to the wires, the slots, then the transmitting antenna and the receiving antenna all lie in the same plane. This allows the amount of signal passed and reflected to be determined by the wire spacing in relation to the 1/2 wavelength as stated in my description of a signal passing through a grid. A grill at 45 degrees to the polarity will pass approximately 50%. Wires spaced over 1/2 wavelength will pass most all the signal. This grill of wires acts with UHF TV and satellite signal the same as polarizing film works on sunlight or laser light. The size of the sphere of magnetic energy is determined by the 1/2 wavelength. In other words the diameter of the sphere is the distance of 186,000 miles per second the energy can travel in 1/2 cycle. TV channel 3 video is transmitted at a frequency of 61,250,000 cycles per second with a total wavelength distance of 16 feet or 8 feet to a 1/2 wavelength. The C band satellite signal has a frequency of 4 billion cycles per second and a 1/2 wavelength of 1 and 1/2 inches which is just about the size and shape of a ping pong ball without any weight. 1/2 wavelength diameter spheres of visible light are about 1/100,000 inch. Size can be roughly determined by passing through openings in a screen, but another way would be its bounce characteristics from a rough surface. For instance a ping pong ball bounces accurately from a sandpaper covered paddle while light spheres striking the same paddle would be scattered. The ping pong ball spans across the grains of sand, while the tiny spheres of light would bounce in all directions DICTATED BY THE TINY SLOPES OF THE GRAINS OF SAND. Light bouncing from a mirror surface would bounce accurately and in unison, so would the ping pong balls. This thought could be carried larger to radio spheres of 1,000 feet in diameter bouncing accurately from a rough earth or ocean surface that would scatter the ping pong ball size spheres. Going smaller the tiny X and gamma rays would probably be scattered by the pores of polished metal,or pass right through as though it was a screen or lattice. Magnetic spheres find many materials transparent to their particular size, like light will pass readily through glass and water while UHF TV and C band satellite 4 GHZ signal will not pass through water, but will pass through black plastic or tar paper, which does not pass light. The list is long and revealing but you get the picture. All magnetic spheres of energy pass right through each other without combining as witnessed by sunlight filtered into its three primary colors passing the focal point below a magnifying glass. Before convergence they display the three primary colors. At the focal point their combined energies reflect white light back to our eyes, and past the focal point they are again the three primary colors on the opposite side of the dot. Now lets put to the test these weightless, transparent spheres of magnetic energy with their magnetic lines of force vertical to their poles and their poles 90 degrees to their direction of travel from the energy source (before the first bounce). All magnetic spheres of radiated energy travel in a straight line at high speed until one of the following events changes their direction.
*** Reflection *** Elastic spheres can reflect perfectly in any direction as dictated by the slope of the reflecting surface. I like to call it bounce as the spheres really contact the bounce surface 1/4 wavelength before the customary description of reflection, and bounce intact like a ball. The flat bounce surface does not cut the magnetic lines of force. It simply redirects the complete package. The center of the sphere does not travel that last 1/4 wavelength. This is a distance of 4 feet on TV channel 3 and is important with radio and TV spheres, as well as to all spheres regardless of their size in order to understand their behavior. However it may seem trivial to spheres of visible light as the 1/4 wavelength is only 1/200,000 inch. Light is what the old timers were observing when the laws of reflection were established.
*** Dispersion *** Tiny spheres can be scattered or diffused perfectly from a surface rough in relation to the size of the sphere. I previously mentioned light striking the sandpaper surface of a ping pong paddle where the light is scattered and the ping pong ball bounces accurately.
*** Refraction *** Spheres have the proper shape to change direction when entering the smooth surface of a denser medium at an angle and from any direction. The portion of the sphere entering first experiences retardation and compression in the denser medium which rotates the sphere to a new direction until the sphere is totally in the denser medium, although it is compressed and travels slower as dictated by the density of the medium as per the refraction index. Upon popping out and expanding from a parallel surface like the bottom side of a sheet of glass the reverse action takes place. The side of the sphere to pop out first travels faster due to expansion and rotates the sphere back to its original speed and direction. The greater the angle measured from the normal the greater the direction of change. The normal or straight-through has equal drag on all sides and so experiences no direction change, only a compressed and slower speed. Light spheres refract perfectly through a magnifying glass, approaching straight and parallel in random polarity from the sun, and being of equal dimensions in all directions, they refract through the glass in any direction dictated by the slope of the surface of entry and departure, ending up at the focal point where their energies are concentrated. If not stopped at the focal point they just pass on through each other in a straight line and continue on their way. Diffraction is a condition where one side of a sphere experiences a retardation or drag usually across an edge sharp in relation to the size of the sphere. This rotates the sphere into a new direction, the same as it did when entering a denser medium. The more overlap of the sphere to the edge the greater the direction of change. No overlap, no change. Slight overlap, slight change. Spheres can diffract over a straight edge or through a sharp edged hole, it makes no difference to a sphere because it is equal in all directions.
*** Constructive Interference *** When two spheres of alternating polarity magnetic energy pass around the same conductor at the same instant in the same polarity they drive electrons in the conductor with more force than a single sphere of energy. This is called constructive interference.
*** Destructive Interference *** When two spheres of like frequency and opposite polarity due to a longer path pass around a conductor at the same instant the sphere with denser energy (more magnetic lines of force) will prevail minus the drive of the weaker sphere. If the two spheres were equal in energy they would both try to drive the electrons in their own direction with equal force and nothing would happen. This would be read on a field strength meter as a complete null. The above is called destructive interference. This would happen when paths of a transmitted signal were one 1/2 wavelength or 1 and 1/2 wavelength, etc..., longer than the other caused by reflection, refraction or diffraction as in Young's experiment with a double slot. If spheres of energy due to path length pass around a conductor somewhere in between like and unlike polarity, one sphere of energy will start to drive the electrons one way and the next at a slightly later time, lets say 1/4 wavelength late, and in opposite polarity will try to drive the electrons the opposite direction a 1/4 wavelength later and the results would be somewhere between constructive and destructive interference. If the spheres of like polarity are in almost the same position at the same instant they will add to some degree. If unlike polarities arrive at the conductor at close to the same instant the resulting electron drive and current would be almost cancelled. Scientists today with modern instruments and modern frequencies have a tremendous advantage over the old timers who worked with light and their own eyes for instruments. I, Larry Spring, picked visible sunlight and laser light at about 1/100,000 inch on the 1/2 wavelength, to C band satellite signal a magnification of 150,000 times the size of light, and TV channel 3 which is 9,600,000 times the light wavelength. I was quite readily able to determine their size, shape, magnetic structure and behavior in this large size, using modern instruments unavailable to the geniuses of 100 to 200 years ago. My observations to date have not changed any of the beginning and end results of the electromagnetic wave theory. They simply, logically and mechanically describe the energy's spherical shape, size, alternating magnetic structure, bounce characteristics, compressibility, retardability, electron driveability and transparency to each other which they must have to accomplish what the electromagnetic energy is known to do. The magnetic energy is driven from the transmitting conductor by a magnetic field that is expanding in all directions at a speed of 186,000 miles per second, which is probably about 200,000 times the expansion rate of exploding gunpowder. The component parts of the expanding front must pull themselves together like raindrops and travel in a straight line until they bounce, refract, or diffract which changes their direction, or its energy is used up driving electrons in a conductor, or by other means. As far as I can visualize it starts as heat and ends up as heat, but that is beyond the scope of this article. Think electromagnetic waves and the best you can say is "its difficult to describe just how, but that is the way it works". Think spheres as described in the preceding article and most all the actions and reactions of the magnetic energy fall logically and mechanically into place. This improved vision should open new avenues of discovery. Having been unable to find anyone throughout the United States or any written articles exposing all my observations, I believe I am the first to bring many of them forth in my book, copyrighted in 1985 as an unpublished work and published in June, 1986, and 2nd edition in 1987, entitled "My Electromagnetic Spherical Theory and My Experiments to Prove It" by Larry Spring, address 225 Redwood Ave., Fort Bragg, California, 95437, USA.
Vanguard Note... At the 1987 Global Sciences Congress in Denver, I had the pleasure of attending a technical seminar by Ed Skilling and Bob Beck. In a private discussion with Bob, we spoke of SCALARS and the confusion many people have in understanding their form. A form of visualization derived by Vanguard for the SCALAR field is to think of bubbles being driven from the emitter, to which Beck said that was a perfect analogy. Further information on this subject came from a 1988 visit to Peter Kelly's lab in Lakemont, Georgia. There, Peter graciously showed me his lab and some of his ongoing work. Two things of interest which I feel apply partly to this paper and need to be commonly known. The first was a demonstration by Peter showing a SCALAR wave on an oscilloscope with a special detector. On the greatest resolution, the SCALAR took on the form of many nested frequencies inside a primary bubble. In other words, like an onion with multiple skins. The second was a circuit board used as a SCALAR end amplifier which consisted of 12 transistors all connected in parallel. Peter said the transistors were NOT used as tuned circuits to gain the greatest possible "nested" reception. The spooky thing was that when he adds a 13th transistor, one of the transistors will inevitably blow. When cut open, the inside of the transistor is hollow as if VAPORIZED. I was astounded! Immediately, the MAXIN light as recounted in the "Dividing of the Way" by Phylos, came to mind, Peter said he had not thought of that but anything was possible. The MAXIN is a vibration visible as a white light, so high as to be akin to Aether and which could completely vaporize any matter, without flame, light increase or residue.